Britain before 1066

UK history before 1066

This chapter covers the period of time from the dawn of civilization in Britain (around 4000 BC) up to the Norman conquest. It is a period that is largely ignored in British history books, apart from the Roman invasion and occupation.

But lot of interesting things happened, and much remains for the visitor to discover and explore. The sub divisions that we are going to use, to help you make sense of what happened are

4000BC - 1500BC The first farmers, Stonehenge and other relics Man migrated to Britain whilst it was still joined to the rest of Europe by a land bridge. Stonehenge and Avebury Ring are the most spectacular monuments from this period, but there are others. Stone Age man possessed great skills, but left behind only his archeology
1500BC - 43 AD Britain as a country of small tribes living in hill fort. As the Stone Age progressed to the Bronze Age and Iron Age, more tools became available. Farming became n economic proposition. Extended families lived in hill forts that they could defend. They could trade with Europe. Then the Romans arrived.
43AD - 410AD Britain under Roman rule. A largely unified country The Romans invaded Britain in force, quelled the odd rebellion and by 122 AD started building Hadrians Wall. They set up the network of roads that are still the backbone of Britain today. You can still see parts of Hadrian's Wall, Roman villas and many artifacts
410 AD - 1066 Anglo Saxon Britain, Viking raids and the Norman invasion After the Romans left central rule disappeared. Angles and Saxons invaded from Europe and pushed the Celts to the fringes of Britain. Competing Anglo Saxon kingdoms and a mighty Viking presence led eventually to the Norman invasion in 1066
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