The House of Hanover ruled Britain

1714 - 1815

George III

House of Hanover There were a lot of better qualified people available to be king of England - unfortunately most of them were Catholic. George I was a German who did not speak a word of English, but was Protestant. So started the rule of the House of Hanover, under whom Britain achieved wealth and peace over the next century Georgian architecture
George was immediately challenged by James II's son, James the Old Pretender, landing in Scotland in an abortive attempt to seize the throne. James soon fled back into exile in France James, Old Pretender With foreign kings. parliament became more powerful, and the leading politician was Walpole (right) who was prime minister until 1742. He avoided the expense of war, and Britain prospered
bonnie prince charlie In 1745 the exiled Stuarts led by James II's grandson, Bonnie Prince Charlie.His Highland army got as far south as Derby, but a poor supply line and English reinforcements forced them to retreat. A retreat that ended with the final defeat at Culloden jacobite rebellion
     
The coming of George III (right) to the throne in 1760, brought the first British born king for 50 years. And a king who was to reign for the next 50 years. They were exciting times, marred only by the loss of the American Colonies.
     
A canal network was built (left). Captain Cook explored the Pacific (right). Robert Adams was the architect to commission, John Wilkes won liberties for the people, Josiah Wedgwood made china, Gainsborough and Stubbs paints, Capability Brown designed gardens
     
Britain won new territories in Canada and India, but lost the oldest settlement of all, with the declaration of independence by the American colonies in 1776 and the final surrender at Yorktown (right) in 1781

The loss of the American colonies brought about changes in Britain with the appointment of Pitt the Younger as prime minister, whose legislative programme was to bring about the end of royal power.
     
At home the industrial revolution was in full swing. Coal fires (right) lit the night sky as they powered steam engines in factories. But in Europe, French power was manifesting itself following the French revolution in 1789. Nelsons's victory at Trafalgar ensured the Britain ruled the seas, but French troops controlled Europe. A major war loomed nelson
     
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